The An Lushan Rebellion is a very significant even in the history of China. It caused the weakening of the Tang Dynasty and although the exact numbers are very unclear and much debated, several scholars estimate that 13 million people died, which was around a fifth of the total world population at the time (Johan Norberg (1 September 2016). Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future).

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Key Words

We will mainly cover the names found in the passage as some of the automatic translations are not correct for them.

安禄山 – An Lushan. A general of the Tang Dynasty and leader of the An Lushan rebellion.

安庆总 – An Qingzong. A son of An Lushan. He was executed by the emperor in the year 756.

安庆绪 – An Qingxu. A son of An Lushan. He killed his own father which sent the country into further turmoil.

The An Lushan Rebellion

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唐玄宗在位的公元755年,安禄山与史思明发动了安史之乱,叛军直向长安杀来,强迫唐玄宗放弃都城而逃。这场叛乱给中原人民带来了一场大劫难,唐朝由此也拉开了由胜至衰的序幕。不久之后,唐玄宗就成为了太上皇,他的儿子李亨即位,史称唐肃宗。

公元757年,唐肃宗即位的第二年,一个惊人的消息从安禄山集团控制的地域迅速传播开来直至传到了唐肃宗的耳朵里:唐朝最大的敌人安祿山,死了。得到这一消息的唐肃宗精神为之一振,准备趁着叛军内乱,出兵长安,收复失地。只是这安祿山之死,却又那样的蹊跷,为了确切消息来源,唐肃宗继续派人调查安祿山死因的内幕,终于确定了这一消息的真实性。

原来这安禄山自起兵叛唐后,连战连捷,性格也就变得焦躁暴动起来,本来就身肥体胖的他变得更加肆无忌惮,不但体重继续上涨,而且眼睛也越来越不中用,逐渐的失了明,身上也长起了毒瘡。患病的安禄山性格越来越暴躁,身边的谋臣武将乃至宦官,都无不受到过他的暴打。时间一久,这些人的积怨也就越来越深。

这个时候,安禄山还收了一个小老婆作为他的宠妃,并且很应景的生了一个儿子,叫做安庆恩。这个宠妃时常在安禄山耳边吹风,让他立这个小儿子做安禄山的继承人。由于长子安庆宗之前被唐玄宗处死,所以当时的次子安庆绪已经被安禄山确定为了继承人。可是安庆绪很快听说,其父安禄山要改立安庆恩为继承人,甚至还要杀了他。

一时之间,安庆绪的情绪极度紧张,毕竟叛唐以来他也是出生入死的卖命,要是为了这种事被他残暴的父亲杀了,他自己都变得不甘心。正巧此时,安禄山刚刚鞭打了近臣严庄和宦官李猪儿,这两个人对安禄山也是恨之入骨,于是这三个人结合起来,谋划着杀死安禄山,改立安庆绪为主。

接着三个人摸着黑就来到了安禄山正在熟睡的房间,趁他不备,用刀狠狠的砍向安禄山的肚皮,熟睡中的安禄山就这样死在了自己的儿子和最亲近的官员手中。死后的安禄山被他的儿子安庆绪装在麻袋里随便挖了一个坑埋掉了,真是多行不义必自毙。

接下来安庆绪迅速召集谋臣武将宣布其父已死,命他作为继承人,在严庄和李猪儿做势下,他也坐上了继续叛唐的座位。等待他的则是两年后,他父亲盟友史思明的一把屠刀。

Comprehension Questions

Answer these questions in the comments below.

1.唐肃宗收到的惊人消息是什么?
2.安禄山为什么会暴毙?
3.倒数第二段,最后一句话,”多行不义必自毙”是什么意思?
4.你的国家历史中,出现过类似的儿子杀死父亲夺权的故事吗?是什么?

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